Whiplash is a non-medical term describing a range of head and neck injuries resulting from an acceleration-deceleration mechanism of energy transfer to the neck. Whiplash injury of the head and neck is caused by a sudden exaggerated thrust of the head backward, forward and sometimes sideways. Abnormal forces are applied to muscles, ligaments, nerves, bones, intervertebral discs, blood vessels, and eyes as the weighty head moves beyond physiological limits.
There maybe no visible bruises or abrasions from this type of injury yet victims report classic symptoms. The symptoms are due to the injuries of vertebrae and of soft tissues of the head and neck
Massage, manipulations and ultrasound may be used to provide comfort and pain relief, while certain exercises can be used to strengthen the neck muscles and speed the healing process.